In a world where technological advancement has become the order of the day, it is no surprise that the telecommunication industry and sect of the world keeps improving as the technology of the day keeps growing. To that effect, it is no surprise therefore that the telecommunication sector has been gifted with another boost to make communication much easier, faster and better.
The 5G is a product of years and years of development and upgrade that has been ongoing in the telecommunication’s world since the invention of cellphones and the internet. Unlike its predecessors of 2G, 3G and 4G, the new and highly improved 5G is expected to be a turn of the century phenomenon.
Many people have been hearing word of the new and fifth-generation wireless network but most really have no idea of what it entails in comparison to its old buddies and what exactly it’s introduction to wireless networking will mean to the present and also the future of technology and telecommunication.
As the powerhouses and strong figures like AT&T and Verizon behind telecommunication are pioneering and championing the spread of the new wireless network, many are beginning to ask “What is 5G all about?”, and to help out here is a little bit of what the new wireless network is all about and what it will do.
As we all know, many cellular networks often have the inscriptions 3G or 4G on their network ranges which signify the current network standard they are working with—5G is just like that.
In simple terms, it is a new cellular standard which marks the fifth-generation of improvement in the wireless network system and composition.
Unlike its predecessors, the new 5G comes with a little more complication in terms of technicality and functionality compared to its forefathers as it has a huge gap of development with relations to connectivity strength, internet speed and other network related areas.
Some of the aspects of the 5G which all to-be users need to be conversant and acquainted with include:
- The millimeter wave – this is the ultrafast variant of 5G which allows its carriers to transmit data at super high speed which means that downloads of super heavy files, movies and other things can be done is mere seconds, but it comes with a little drawback—its signals travel short distance and have issues penetrating barriers and obstacles like walls. To that effect, network carriers like the very popular Verizon and AT&T have had the millimeter wave deployment focused on larger spaces with little or no barriers like sports stadiums and outdoor amphitheaters. The drawback associated with it limits its availability for now until its coverage range can be adjusted.
- Since the millimeter wave will not be available for large scale use for now, the version of 5G that will be available for public use will be a lesser version.
Although it will be lesser than the millimeter, it is still above the league of the 4G network as it will be faster and it will have a reduction of lag, also known as latency. This means that for instance, in cases of online search there will be reduced delay in the uploading of search results by milliseconds, much faster than it would with a 4G network.
It is expected that the year 2020 will grace the spread and usage of the less powerful version of the 5G network along with a bit of the millimeter wave version in some areas.
Will 5G be faster than Wi-Fi?
More or less yes. 5G is designed to transmit high amounts of data more efficiently which means it will experience reduced network congestion, and although Wi-fi is also very fast it experiences reduced performance with higher number of connected users—something that will not happen with a 5G network as users will have access to a fast and strong network always even when there are other users.
Do I need a new phone to get 5G?
Most definitely yes, for just as there are phones designed to make use of 4G so will there be phones designed to carry the 5G network comfortably. Although many of the 5G compatible phones are expensive like Samsung’s Galaxy Note 10 Plus 5G which costs $1,300, it is expected that the prices for such phones will drop as the technology becomes more popular in the years to come.
How much will 5G data plans cost?
For now the prices are still being debated by the carriers but from Verizon, it’s earliest 5G plans had an extra $10 a month for users who had compatible phones with the network. But as of now according to one of its executives, Ronan Dunne, the prices are expected to vary based on different packages of access to both types or variables of 5G or access to just one single variable of 5G.
AT&T on its own is planning an unlimited extra plan, which includes 5G access and is to cost $75 a month for an individual line while T-Mobile on its own has had the 5G network available to its users at no additional cost.
What can be done with 5G?
The benefits may seem almost irrelevant or substandard now but the network is poised for a thing of futuristic endeavors. For now, reduced and lower latency with the network is assured, reduced lag which will favor gaming for instance.
The reduced latency also has a futuristic benefit to it in areas of automobile and road safety for instance as it will help internet-connected devices talk to one another immediately. An example is if a car car is 5G equipped and so is the other, they can tell each other when they are braking. Or if the vehicle is signaling to turn right, it can communicate the turn to cars behind it so they can slow down or switch lanes.