With the imminent exit of Prince Harry and his wife Meghan Markle from the royal scene and family tree, many have had series of questions concerning the succession line within the family and also the entire arrangement of the family tree with a vital part of it missing.
For those who are wondering and are confused about what the arrangement of the royal family is, who it comprises of and where they belong, this might help a little bit.
Queen Elizabeth II
The family tree of course has Her Royal Majesty at the top of it. Born April 21st, 1926. She was born as the third in line to the throne and named Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary after her mother Queen Elizabeth, her paternal great-grandmother Queen Alexandra, and also her paternal grandmother Queen Mary. She’s the sixth female to ascend and rule the British throne with the longest reign so far as in September 2015, she broke the record of her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria, who ruled for 63 years, seven months.
She’s got married to Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, in November 1947 who happens to be her third cousin and he’s the oldest living great-great-grandchild of Queen Victoria. She sadly lost her younger sister who happens to be her only sibling, Princess Margaret in 2002.
Charles, Prince of Wales
Born on the 14th of November 1948, Prince Charles is the first in a line of succession and also the longest-serving British monarch-in-waiting as he’s been the heir apparent since he was age three. He is the president of The Prince’s Trust and the Royal Shakespeare Company, and also president or patron of over 400 charitable organizations, he is also the first royal heir to earn a university degree. He was married to Princess Diana, the Princess of Wales from 1981 to 1996 with whom he had two children, Prince William and Prince Harry. His wife, Princess Diana passed on in a terrible motor accident in 1997 in Paris, along with boyfriend Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul and still remains a beloved figure of the royal family despite her death. Prince Charles remarried Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall in 2005.
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
He is second in line to the British throne and the first born son of Prince Charles and late Princess Diana. He was born on the 21st of June, 1982 and has had a very impressive educational achievement following his father’s footsteps as he has the highest educational degree in the royal household of a Masters of Arts. He served in the military for a couple of years from 2006-2013 and participated in over 150 helicopter search and rescue operations.
He was recently appointed by the Queen to a new role as the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, where his major work will be to “maintain the relationship between the State and the Church,” according to the Royal website. He’s married to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, whom he married in 2011 and with whom he has three children with Prince George, age 6; Princess Charlotte, age 4; and Prince Louis, age 1.
Prince George of Cambridge
Third in line to the throne, he was born July 22, 2013 to Prince Williams and The Duchess of Cambridge, Catherine. If all things go as planned, he’s expected to ascend and rule after the reigns of his grandfather Prince Charles and his father Prince William, which will make him the 43rd monarch since William the Conqueror. Until then the little monarch spends his time learning at Thomas’s Battersea school in south London along with his younger sister, Princess Charlotte.
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
She was born on the 25th of May 2015 and she’s the fourth in line to the throne. Surprisingly she was born in a more equitable era as by 2011, the British monarchy abolished a rule that gave preference to male heirs over their sisters in the line of succession.
Prince Louis of Cambridge
The youngest son of Prince William and the Duchess of Cambridge was born April 28, 2018 as the fifth in line to the throne and he was born weeks before the May 19 wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan. His birth passed through traditional channels with a golden easel bearing a framed notice announcing the birth placed on display in front of Buckingham Palace the afternoon he was born. The tradition actually goes as far back as at least 1837 when Buckingham Palace became the British monarch’s official residence.
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex
He’s the sixth in line to the throne and brother to Prince William. He was born September 15, 1984, and like his brother has had his own military expeditions. It was announced in 2008 by the British Ministry of Defense that the Prince had secretly been serving in Afghanistan with his Army unit on a four-month mission since December 2007 and was withdrawn for security reasons and later returned as an Apache helicopter pilot in 2012. By 2015, he announced his exit from the Armed forces with nearly a decade of service.
He is also the founder of the Invictus Games, which is an international sporting competition for injured servicemen and women which had its first games held in London in 2014. He married Meghan Markle, the Duchess of Sussex in 2018, with whom he welcomed his first son Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor, in May 2019.
Early this year, the couple announced their exit and step back from their royal roles as senior members of the British royal family and their plan to work towards becoming “financially independent” while splitting their time between the United Kingdom and North America.
Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor
The youngest member of the royal family was born May 6, 2019, and he’s a milestone baby for both the Commonwealth and within British society as he’s the first biracial British child in the history of the royal family. He’s the seventh in line to the throne and the only royal prince so far not addressed as a Prince as Buckingham Palace told CNN at the time of his birth that his parents have chosen not to use any title at all for their son. Once his grandfather Prince Charles becomes King, he will automatically become His Royal Highness Prince Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
He is the eighth in line to the throne and also the third of the Queen’s four children born February 19, 1960. For 22 years he served in the British Royal Navy and was a helicopter pilot during the Falklands War. The Prince in 2019 announced that he was pulling back from public duties after a controversial interview in which he denied allegations that he had sex with an underaged woman who said she had been trafficked by sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. In a statement concerning the issue, he said: “a major disruption to my family’s work and the valuable work going on in the many organizations and charities that I am proud to support.”
He no longer has official duties as a prince, he is married to Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, whom Andrew married in 1986 and divorced in 1996 and he has two children with her: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie.
As the ninth in line to the throne, the Princess was born on the 8th of August, 1988. This year, the Princess will become the focus of another royal wedding as she’s engaged to real estate specialist Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi. Although she carries the royal title, she works a regular, full-time day job as vice president of partnerships and strategy at tech company Afiniti.
She is the tenth in line to the throne, and sister of Princess Beatrice. She was born March 23, 1990 and she had the second massive wedding to be thrown by a royal in 2018 where she married Jack Brooksbank, a brand ambassador for Casamigos tequila, which was founded by George Clooney and Rande Gerber, the husband of supermodel Cindy Crawford. Princess Eugenie also has an everyday job like her sister as she works as the director of the Hauser & Wirth art gallery in London.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
As the eleventh in line to the throne, the youngest son of the Queen and Prince Phillip was born March 10, 1964. He’s currently working as a full time member of the royal family although he was formerly trained as a cadet in the Royal Marines and worked as a theater and TV producer. He married Sophie, Countess of Wessex in 1999, and has two children with her: Lady Louise Windsor and James, Viscount Severn.
James, Viscount Severn
He was born December the 7th, 2007 and he’s ahead of his elder sister Lady Louise Windsor in the succession line as the twelfth in line to the throne all thanks to the previous rule that states that the British monarchy favor male heirs over their sisters.
Lady Louise Windsor
She’s the thirteenth in line to the throne and was born November 8,2003. Her title Lady Louise Windsor is a result of her parents choosing a more subdued royal title and, with the permission of the Queen, they gave their children titles in the style of an earl rather than prince and princess.
Anne, the Princess Royal
As the second child of the Queen and Prince Philip, she was born August 15, 1950, and at birth, she was the third in line to the throne but today she is the fourteenth in line. She is popularly known for her expertise in horse riding and she competed as an equestrian in the 1976 Olympics in Montreal which was surprisingly two years after surviving a kidnapping attempt. She’s part of the International Olympic Committee thanks to her love for the sport in addition to serving other various charitable organizations.
She was first married to Capt. Mark Phillips with whom she had two children: Peter and Zara. Because of her then husband who was an army officer and a commoner who declined to receive a royal title, Princess Anne also declined her mother’s offer to give titles to children also. The couple later divorced in 1992, and Princess Royal afterward married Royal Navy officer and equerry to the Queen, Timothy Laurence, that same year.